simplicity [sIm'plIsItI], leather ['[email protected]], specimen ['[email protected]]


"It is simplicity itself," said he; "my eyes tell me that on the inside of your left shoe, just where the firelight strikes it, the leather is scored by six almost parallel cuts. Obviously they have been caused by someone who has very carelessly scraped round the edges of the sole in order to remove crusted mud from it. Hence, you see, my double deduction that you had been out in vile weather, and that you had a particularly malignant boot-slitting specimen of the London slavey. As to your practice, if a gentleman walks into my rooms smelling of iodoform, with a black mark of nitrate of silver upon his right forefinger, and a bulge on the right side of his top-hat to show where he has secreted his stethoscope, I must be dull, indeed, if I do not pronounce him to be an active member of the medical profession."


I could not help laughing at the ease (я не мог удержаться от смеха над простотой; can not help /doing something/ — не мочь не /делать что-то/; ease — легкость) with which he explained (с которой он объяснил; to explain — объяснять) his process of deduction. "When I hear you give your reasons (когда я слышу /как/ вы приводите свои соображения; to give — давать)," I remarked (заметил я; to remark — замечать), "the thing always appears to me to be so ridiculously simple (вещь всегда представляется мне cтоль смехотворно простой = все кажется до смешного простым; to appear — появляться) that I could easily do it myself (что мог бы легко сделать это = сообразить сам), though at each successive instance of your reasoning (хотя в каждом новом случае ваших рассуждений; successive — последующий; instance — пример) I am baffled (я ошеломлен; to baffle — ставить в тупик) until (пока) you explain (не объясните) your process. And yet I believe that my eyes are as good as yours (между тем я думаю, что мои глаза так же хороши, как и ваши = зрение у меня не хуже вашего; to believe — верить, полагать)."


laughing ['lA:fIN], ridiculously [rI'[email protected]], instance ['[email protected]]


I could not help laughing at the ease with which he explained his process of deduction. "When I hear you give your reasons," I remarked, "the thing always appears to me to be so ridiculously simple that I could easily do it myself, though at each successive instance of your reasoning I am baffled until you explain your process. And yet I believe that my eyes are as good as yours."


"Quite so (совершенно так)," he answered (ответил он; to answer — отвечать), lighting a cigarette (закуривая папиросу; to light — зажигать), and throwing himself down into an armchair (садясь в кресло: «бросая себя в кресло»; to throw down — бросать). "You see, but you do not observe (вы видите, но не наблюдаете). The distinction is clear (разница ясно видна; clear — чистый, прозрачный). For example (например), you have frequently seen (часто видели) the steps which lead up from the hall to this room (ступени, которые ведут из прихожей в эту комнату; to lead up — вести куда-либо)."


throwing ['[email protected]], frequently ['fri:[email protected]], distinction [dIs'tINkSn]


"Frequently (часто)."

"How often? (как часто)"

"Well, some hundreds of times (ну, несколько сотен раз)."


"Quite so," he answered, lighting a cigarette, and throwing himself down into an armchair. "You see, but you do not observe. The distinction is clear. For example, you have frequently seen the steps which lead up from the hall to this room."

"Frequently."

"How often?"

"Well, some hundreds of times."


"Then how many are there (/ну и/ как много = сколько их /там/)?"

"How many? I don't know (не знаю)."

"Quite so (вот-вот = именно так)! You have not observed (вы не наблюдали; to observe — наблюдать). And yet (между тем) you have seen. That is just my point (в этом вся суть, именно это я и хочу сказать). Now, I know that there are seventeen steps (а я знаю, что там семнадцать ступеней), because I have both seen and observed (потому что я и видел, и наблюдал; both — и то, и другое). By the way (кстати), since (поскольку) you are interested in these little problems (интересуетесь этими небольшими проблемами; to be interested in — интересоваться /чем-либо/), and since you are good enough to chronicle one or two of my trifling experiences (достаточно хороши чтобы = были добры описать один-два моих маленьких опыта; to chronicle — заносить в дневник) you may be interested in this (вас может заинтересовать это)." He threw over a sheet of thick, pink-tinted note-paper (бросил лист толстой розовой почтовой бумаги; tinted — окрашенный; note — запись) which had been lying open upon the table (которая лежала: «была лежащей» на столе; to lie — лежать). "It came by the last post (получена с последней почтой = только что)," said he. "Read it aloud (прочитайте /ее/ вслух; to read — читать)."


since [sins], enough [I'nVf], aloud [@'laud]


"Then how many are there?"

"How many? I don't know."

"Quite so! You have not observed. And yet you have seen. That is just my point. Now, I know that there are seventeen steps, because I have both seen and observed. By the way, since you are interested in these little problems, and since you are good enough to chronicle one or two of my trifling experiences, you may be interested in this." He threw over a sheet of thick, pink-tinted note-paper which had been lying open upon the table. "It came by the last post," said he. "Read it aloud."


The note was undated (записка была без даты; to date — датировать), and without either signature or address (без подписи и без адреса; either … or — либо … либо).

"There will call upon you tonight (сегодня вечером Вас посетит; to call — посещать), at a quarter to eight o'clock (без четверти восемь: «четверть к восьми часам»)," it said (говорилось /в записке/), "a gentleman who desires to consult you (который хочет проконсультироваться у Вас) upon a matter of the very deepest moment (по очень важному делу; deep — глубокий; moment — важность). Your recent services (Ваши недавние услуги) to one of the royal houses of Europe (одному из королевских семейств Европы) have shown (показали) that you are one (что Вы тот) who may safely be trusted (кому можно спокойно доверить; safe — безопасный; to trust — верить, доверять) with matters which are of an importance which can hardly be exaggerated (дела, которые /такой/ важности, которая едва ли может быть преувеличена = дела чрезвычайной важности). This account of you (такой отзыв о Вас) we have from all quarters received (мы со всех сторон получали; from all quarters). Be in your chamber then at that hour (будьте у себя в этот час; chamber — комната, кабинет /для одного человека/), and do not take it amiss (и не обижайтесь; to take amiss — превратно толковать) if your visitor wear a mask (если Ваш посетитель будет в маске; to wear — носить).


quarter ['kwO:[email protected]], royal ['[email protected]], exaggerated [Ig'[email protected]]


The note was undated, and without either signature or address.

"There will call upon you tonight, at a quarter to eight o'clock," it said, "a gentleman who desires to consult you upon a matter of the very deepest moment. Your recent services to one of the royal houses of Europe have shown that you are one who may safely be trusted with matters which are of an importance which can hardly be exaggerated. This account of you we have from all quarters received. Be in your chamber then at that hour, and do not take it amiss if your visitor wear a mask.


"This is indeed a mystery (это в самом деле тайна)," I remarked (заметил я). "What do you imagine that it means (как вы думаете, что это значит; to imagine — полагать)?"


imagine [I'm&dZIn]


"I have no data yet (у меня нет пока данных). It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data (большая ошибка теоретизировать, не имея данных; before — до, пока). Insensibly (незаметно /для себя/: «нечувствительно») one begins to twist facts to suit theories (человек начинает подтасовывать факты, чтобы подогнать /их/ к теориям; to twist facts — извращать факты), instead of theories to suit facts (вместо того, чтобы выводить теории на основе фактов; to suit — подходить, соответствовать, удовлетворять требованиям). But the note itself (но сама записка). What do you deduce (какие выводы вы делаете; to deduce) from it?"


theorize ['[email protected]], insensibly [In'sensIblI], instead [In'sted]


I carefully examined the writing (я тщательно исследовал письмо), and the paper upon which it was written (и бумагу, на которой оно было написано; to write — писать).


"This is indeed a mystery," I remarked. "What do you imagine that it means?"

"I have no data yet. It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts. But the note itself. What do you deduce from it?"

I carefully examined the writing, and the paper upon which it was written.


"The man who wrote it (человек, который написал это) was presumably well-to-do (по-видимому, располагает средствами; well-to-do — зажиточный)," I remarked, endeavoring to imitate my companion's processes (стараясь подражать приемам моего товарища). "Such paper could not be bought under half a crown a packet (такая бумага не могла быть куплена = стоит не менее полкроны пачка; to buy — покупать). It is peculiarly strong and stiff (она очень прочная и плотная; peculiarly — особенно)."

"Peculiar — that is the very word (особая — самое подходящее: «то самое» слово)," said Holmes. "It is not an English paper at all (это не английская бумага вообще). Hold it up to the light (посмотрите ее на свет; to hold — держать)."

I did so (сделал так), and saw a large (и увидел большую) "E" with a small (вместе с маленьким) "g," a "P," and a large "G" with a small "t" woven into the texture of the paper (вплетенные в структуру бумаги; to weave — вплетать, включать).


presumably [prI'zju:[email protected]], endeavoring [In'[email protected]], peculiarly [pI'kju:[email protected]]


"The man who wrote it was presumably well-to-do," I remarked, endeavoring to imitate my companion's processes. "Such paper could not be bought under half a crown a packet. It is peculiarly strong and stiff."

"Peculiar — that is the very word," said Holmes. "It is not an English paper at all. Hold it up to the light."

I did so, and saw a large "E" with a small "g," a "P," and a large "G" with a small "t" woven into the texture of the paper.


"What do you make of that (какой вывод вы можете сделать из этого)?" asked Holmes.

"The name of the maker (имя производителя), no doubt (без сомнения); or his monogram, rather (или, скорее, его монограмма)."

"Not at all (вовсе нет). The 'G' with the small 't' stands for (обозначают) 'Gesellschaft,' which is the German for 'Company' (что по-немецки означает «Компания»). It is a customary contraction like our 'Co.' (это обычное сокращение, как наше Ко.). 'P,' of course, stands for 'Papier' (означает «бумага»). Now for (теперь что касается) the 'Eg.' Let us glance at our Continental Gazetteer (заглянем в наш иностранный географический справочник; to glance — взглянуть)." He took down a heavy brown volume from his shelves (он достал с полок тяжелый коричневый том; to take down — снимать). "Eglow, Eglonitz — here we are (вот мы и нашли), Egria. It is in a German-speaking country — in Bohemia (это в местности, где говорят по-немецки — в Богемии; to speak — говорить), not far from (недалеко от) Carlsbad. 'Remarkable as being the scene of the death of Wallenstein (знаменита тем, что там умер Валенштейн; scene — место /происшествия/; death — смерть), and for its numerous glass-factories and paper-mills (и своими многочисленными стекольными заводами и бумажными фабриками; glass — стекло; mill — завод, фабрика).' Ha, ha, my boy (ха-ха, мой мальчик), what do you make of that (что вы делаете из этого = какой вывод из этого вы делаете)?" His eyes sparkled (его глаза сверкнули), and he sent up a great blue triumphant cloud from his cigarette (и он выпустил из своей папиросы большое синее торжествующее облако; to send up — направить вверх).